The Paluxy ichnofossils were considered to be powerful evidence that men and dinosaurs coexisted. Over time, the exposed prints became quite eroded and evolutionists argued that they were merely elongated dinosaur footprints that had experienced infilling.
Most evolutionist are now inclined to agree that the famous Taylor Trail was made by a dinosaur, though some point to the mixture of human and dinosaur characteristics as evidence that the tracks are a composite, the human track superimposed upon the existing dinosaur footprints. (See Robert Helfinstine and Jerry Roth’s 1994 book Texas Tracks and Artifacts.)
Despite creation geologist such as Dr. Clifford Burdock who believed the tracks to be authentic, over time, the lack of clarity regarding these original “man-tracks” of the finds prompted leading creationists to cease using the Paluxy footprints as evidence. Dr. Carl Baugh has attempted to show authenticity with original excavations under the limestone layers. Any new footprint under 12-14” of limestone would indeed rule out a hoax. It is the interpretation of the footprint that then comes into question.
I have personally studied this area in Glen Rose attending original excavations for 20 yrs and studying the old trails including interviewing some of the old timers who was still alive. In 2000, I personally helped discover the Upper Taylor Platform in which a trail of footprints were discovered. Ian Juby & I have new scientific evidence in the Taylor Trail that will challenge the 1980s accepted theory.
Since then additional tracks, like the Delk Track, came to light, providing much clearer evidence although granted the artifact is not in situ which is disappointing. Nevertheless, it is instructive to consider that these Paluxy footprints are much more distinct than Mary Leakey’s famous Laoetoli Track in Tanzania, which is universally accepted as hominid! The limestone beds of the Paluxy River are thought by evolutionists to be 120 million years old. Milne and Schafersman admit, “Such an occurrence, if verified, would seriously disrupt conventional interpretations of biological and geological history and would support the doctrines of creationism and catastrophism.” (Milne, and Schafersman, 1983, “Dinosaur Tracks, Erosion Marks and Midnight Chisel Work (But No Human Footprints) in the Cretaceous Limestone of the Paluxy River Bed, Texas,” Journal of Geological Education, Vol. 31, pp. 111-123.)
None of us were there to witness the footprints actual origins. We can’t go back and see them formed or recreate their formation in that exact rock as a “test” of their authenticity. Does this mean though that we can simply ignore the footprints? No, that would be unscientific to presume we don’t see them at all. We can however test both the human origin of the footprints and the age of these footprints. We do so via observations made in the present, inference and prediction.
The presence of impressions in the limestone rock are facts. One could argue that even those facts are subject to interpretation and bias. Documentation, photography, and in situ tracks could be fake and all the people who saw them could be lying about having seen them. The impressions could also have been misinterpreted as being human footprints.
Since we can test if they are human footprints, other creationist seem to ignore problematic data by making sweeping overall conclusions without considering the scientific data. It is true most who fall in this category have never scientifically studied the site first hand nor have they attended original excavations which are open to the public. So this is just untrustworthy conclusions based on faulty presumptions.
Is it reasonable then assume that the Glen Rose footprints are not authentic ? Not at all. We can scientifically compare the Glen Rose footprints with hundreds of studies that have been done on impressions and preservation in mud and comparison with hundreds of other footprints of humans and other organisms in rock. And we have. All of those comparisons point, beyond reasonable doubt, to these being authentic human footprints. The research paper associated with this story has been released and available for anyone to read (Hominin Footprints from Early Pleistocene Deposits at Happisburgh, UK, in PlosOne). This paper includes details about how they assessed the footprints and determined the origin and age of the persons who made them.
And while your there, check out these as well.
There is another conclusion in which historical science can quite confidently make. These same eroding cliffs along the Paluxy have long been a popular site for collecting index fossils such as the famous fossil clams. The Glen Rose formation consists mostly of hard limestone strata alternating with marl or marly limestone, but is replaced by sandy facies shoreward (to the northwest). Because of the differing strengths of the layers, the limestone weathers to form a staircase profile on hills.
(E.H. Sellards, W.A. Adkins & F.B. Plummer, The Geology of Texas, Univ. of Texas Bull. No. 3232 (1932 and many later reprints), pp. 315-316.)
These strata were originally referred to as the “Alternating Beds”, which term included the overlying Fredericksburg formations.
These fossils are obtained from the sediments ABOVE and in the SAME layer of the footprints which includes the dinosaur tracks. Young earth creationists claim that historical science is subject to interpretation because of presuppositional bias. Yes, that may be true.
The question remains. Could the sediments and fossils above and in the same rock layers with the footprints could be deposited earlier than the footprints? Absolutely not. Clearly we can have a high degree of confidence based on observations of present sedimentary processes that the layers above the footprints were deposited just hours after the footprints had been made. This scientific observation in geology strengthens the authenticity for the footprints.
The creationists timeline constantly finds itself at odds with evolutionary theory. The Young Earth model can easily accommodate new fossil footprints find like this which is a hallmark of a well supported global evidence. The Old Earth model &/or evolutionary theory of origins must appeal to ad hoc hypotheses or claims of bias in interpretation to avoid the rather simple and obvious interpretation of the observations of ichnofossils such as these footprints in Glen Rose.
The challenge to the creation model posed by the footprints is not the footprints themselves but what it implies. Even if only 0.01% of all footprints left by dinosaurs, mammals and humans were preserved, the geological record would have abundant footprints. And it does! That fossilization of footprints can happen is obvious once you become familiar with the footprint record. After all, there are human footprints found in numerous places in the world (see the article: Human Fossil Footprints found below Ice Age Deposits) and my book, “Evolution & Human Fossil Footprints”.
Other sources have written about preserved footprints many times and discussed how they challenge the accepted evolutionary geology. The preservation of footprints, just like all other fossils is a very rare event and does require a fortuitous set of circumstances to occur. A recent discovery shows just how such a fortuitous circumstance has occurred.
Near Tucson Arizona construction of a new road revealed an archaeological discovery. Dozens of human footprints were found preserved in what was a field more than 2500 years ago (local story LINK).
The footprints reveal that several adults and a young infant were working a small field. A dog was also accompanying them. They left their footprints in the thick mud of the field. It appears that soon after leaving the field, it was flooded by a nearby creek which brought in a layer of sediment with a different composition of material. At that point the field may have been abandoned and more layers of sediments deposited over the years. While the sediments have not been fully converted rock, the process of cementation has already begun producing layers that resists erosion and separate from other layers with different compositions. Thus they were able to remove the layer above the footprints revealing the field as it was before they were preserved. This is not unlike what we see in thousands of other locations that footprints are found and this is exactly what we see with the Glen Rose fossil footprints.
“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” – John Adams
I was going through my closet doing some spring cleaning when I came across a newspaper article I had saved about a six-toed Jesus. Written in 2003, the Dallas article featured a story about stained glass windows that was raising questions about a six-toed Jesus.
As most of you know, I have an avid interest in the Nephilim and wrote a book about it co-authored with Dr. Michael McDaniel called “Alien Agenda: the Return of the Nephilim”. The six toes particularly caught my interest because it is a characteristic that is described in the bible of the Nephilim. All of Genesis chapter 6, along with other passages in the Bible—and other books like Enoch and Jasher—refer to these Nephilim Hybrids. Goliath, the Giant, is one example of this. He had a unique character trait of 6 fingers and 6 toes.
And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.
There are three stained glass windows in north Texas that depict a six-toed Jesus. Herbert Davis, an English artist who moved to North Texas around 1918, had hexadactyly, a birth defect that gave him six toes on one of his feet. Polydactyly is associated with different mutations or in the gene itself. There is one tribe where a lot of people have six digits: the Waorani tribe in Ecuador, a normal-sized people that has some among them that exhibit these characteristics, such as six fingers, six toes, and double dentition (not all of them). Wherever Davis worked, figures with six toes have been discovered in the stained glass windows he created. For anyone who is familiar with the Nephilim, depicting Jesus with six toes can be interpreted as having a fallen angel ancestry; skewing biblical history of an imperfect Savior.
However, we are not sure why Davis depicted Jesus with six toes. Was it because he was hexadactyl and used it as his artist signature or was it because he was trying to make an unknown statement? The windows are unsigned so we cannot say who made them for sure. There is no direct link with Davis but is is generally known in history that Davis traveled from church to church offering to cut, paint, and glass biblical scenes in stained glass. Mr. Davis was said to have worked at Hunt Stained Glass Studios in Pittsburg which had been in business since 1890 then at Kansas City Glass before moving to Arlington at the turn of the century.
Mr. Davis is believed to have created his first image of a six-toed Jesus at First Christian Church in Allan. In subsequent works, similar stained-glass windows have appeared in Waco, Parker and Carrollton, Texas. Some have interpreted the six-toed Jesus stained-glass art to mean that Jesus shares our humanity. Robert Jones, a historian for the Stained Glass Association doubts any of it. He is inclined to think Davis had a twisted sense of humor.
“ I can’t imagine anybody in a studio would be working in anything less than a respectful mode,” said Mr. Jones according to the Dallas newspaper article. “People always go for little details nobody’s going to see, so if there’s six toes being added, he was just being silly.”
I’m not saying that anyone today who may have polydactlyism has Nephilim DNA. I don’t believe that. But it is interesting that not only Jesus has been depicted with six toes but others as well. Brookfield Unitarian Church near Manchester, England which was built in 1871, has a stained-glass of Moses with six-toes holding the Ten Commandments over the Communion table. Church leaders their do not know who created it or when it was installed. First Presbyterian Church in Humbolt, Kansas built in 1917 has a six-toed Jesus depicted in a Resurrection scene. In Maine, St. Patrick’s Catholic Church in Damariscotta Mills has a six-toed Jesus in the chapel. Its origins are unkown.
I have no doubt that the person or persons who designed these stained glass windows depicting Jesus with six toes were sincere in their faith. Therefore, I wonder why they portrayed Jesus with an extra toe on one foot? Perhaps it’s a subtle message that is now lost.
Known Six-Toed Stained Glass Windows:
Other known locations:
Top pic: First Baptist Church Hebron in Carrollton is one of several area churches that have stained glass windows showing Jesus with six toes.
Middle pic: Jesus has 6 toes on his right foot in the stained glass window at Corinth Presbyterian Church.
bottom right: close up view from top.
Fuentes Magna: Rosetta Stone of the Americas?
The Fuenta Magna is a large stone vessel, resembling a libation bowl, that was found in 1958 near Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. It features beautifully engraved anthropomorphic characters, zoological motifs characteristic of the local culture, and, more surprisingly, two types of scripts —a proto-Sumerian ancient alphabet and a local language of the ancient Pukara, forerunner of the Tiahuanaco civilization. Often referred to as “the Rosetta Stone of the Americas,” the stone vessel is one of the most controversial artifacts in South America as it raises questions about whether there may have been a connection between the Sumerians and the ancient inhabitants of the Andes, located thousands of miles away.
The Fuente Magna Bowl was found near the world-renowned Titicaca Lake in Bolivia. ( Wikimedia Commons )
The ancient relic was discovered accidentally by a farmer working on a private estate owned by the Manjon family. The owners subsequently delivered it to the city hall of La Paz in 1960 in return for land near the capital. Around the same time, Bolivian archaeologist Max Portugal Zamora learned of its existence and attempted, unsuccessfully, to decipher the unusual inscriptions, not least because he failed to recognize that the writing upon the bowl was a type of cuneiform text dating back some 5,000 years.
The Fuente Magna bowl remained in storage in the Museo de los Metales Preciosos (“Museum of Precious Metals”) for approximately 40 years, until two Bolivian researchers, Argentine Bernardo Biados and archaeologist Freddy Arce, sought to investigate the origins of the mysterious relic. They were eventually put in contact with Maximiliano, a 92-year-old local who, after seeing a picture of the bowl, claimed it was once in his possession. Not realizing its significance, Maximiliano admitted that he had used the bowl to feed his pigs.
The Fuente Magna Bowl was found to have two types of scripts engraved on the inside. (Courtesy of Bernardo Biados’s research team)
The two researchers took detailed photographs of the bowl and sent them to epigraphist Dr. Clyde Ahmed Winters, in the hope that he may be able to decipher the inscriptions. Dr. Winters, an ancient languages expert, compared the inscriptions to Libyco-Berber writing used in the Sahara approximately 5,000 years ago. The writing was used by the Proto-Dravidians (of the Indus Valley), Proto-Mande , Proto-Elamites, and Proto-Sumerians. Dr. Winters, in his article “ Decipherment of the Cuneiform Writing on the Fuente Magna Bowl ,” concluded that the writing on the bowl “was probably Proto-Sumerian,” and offered the following translation:
This translations suggests that the Fuente Magna bowl may have been used to make libations to the Goddess Nia to request fertility. The figure on the Fuente Magna, which appears to be in a “Goddess pose,” with open arms and legs spread, is believed to support Dr Winters’ translation.
A figure on the Fuente Magna bowl. (Courtesy of Bernardo Biados’s research team)
If Dr. Winters’ translation is correct, this has major implications for our understanding of both Sumerian civilization and the ancient culture of Bolivia. Researcher Yuri Leveratto aptly poses the question: “How is it possible that proto-Sumerian inscriptions were found in a bowl that has been found near the Titicaca Lake, 3,800 meters [2.3 miles] above sea level, thousands of kilometers far away from the area where the Sumerian people used to live?”
According to Bernardo Biados , the Fuente Magna was most likely crafted by Sumerian people who settled in Bolivia sometime after 2,500 B.C. According to Biados, the Sumerians were known to sail to the distant Indian subcontinent and some Sumerian ships may have made their way around South Africa and entered one of the currents in the area that lead across the Atlantic from Africa to South America. It is possible that some chose to stay and explore into the Andes, perhaps searching for areas high on the plateau of Bolivia where food was being produced. Yuri Leveratto says, “the Sumerian culture influenced the people of the plateau, not only from a religious point of view, but also in the language. In fact, some linguists have found many similarities between the proto-Sumerian and Aymara languages.”
However, this perspective, and indeed the initial translation work of Dr. Winters has not been without its critics. Jason Colavito, a known skeptic and “debunker,” suggests that there is only a small degree of correlation between the script on the bowl and Proto-Sumerian characters. Colavito points out that the bowl has a highly problematic provenance, and may simply be a hoax. Biados says this is incorrect, citing the overwhelming support from major portions of the academic community.
It is clear that the Fuente Magna bowl remains a matter of contention between academics. It is hoped that further archaeological and linguistic research may help to unravel the story behind this mysterious artifact, as doing so may help to expand our understanding of the great civilizations of our past and their influence throughout the world.
Featured image: Fuenta Magna (Courtesy of Bernardo Biados’s research team) Background: Lake Titicaca in Boliva ( Wikimedia Commons ).
The article ‘ Fuente Magna, the Controversial Rosetta Stone of the Americas ’ was originally published on The Epoch Times and has been republished with permission.
original post By April Holloway
Other recent findings in Mexico & Canada:
Interview with Maria Wheatley on the Elongated Skulls of Stonehenge on EPIC Voyages Radio on 12/7/2015
From Ancient Code:
Another incredible discovery has been made as researchers have found a rock carving of a Mastodon at the underwater Stonehenge of Lake Michigan.
In 2007, at a depth of twelve meters, researchers found a peculiar set of aligned stones that are believed to be over 10,000 years old.
While searching for shipwrecks, archaeologists from the Northwestern Michigan College came across something interesting at the bottom of lake Michigan. They found mysteriously aligned rocks placed there by ancient man before the area was covered with water. When the discovery was made, researchers couldn’t believe what they were seeing. It’s America’s Stonehenge.
According to researchers, the stones located at the bottom of Lake Michigan all measure the same distance across, something that wouldn’t be present if we were looking at a natural formation. The rock formation found at the bottom of Lake Michigan resembles other structures found in England and France, and even those at Nabta Playa, making it very unlikely to be a natural formation.
As if the mysterious rock formation wasn’t enough, after a diving expedition was put together to look at the stones, underwater photographer Chris Doyle found a mysterious stone with an incredible depiction: A Mastodon. This means that the carving must have been made way before the Mastodons were extinct.
The Mastodon rock is perhaps one of the most incredible features of the underwater Stonehenge. Researchers speculate that the rock is made out of granite, a very hard material. For people to carve something onto this rock, they had to use a tool harder than granite. So the logical question is: What could ancient mankind have used 10.000 years ago to carve something onto a granite rock?
Researchers stress that the marks and lines that make out the mastodon figure were precisely carved, the lines were not just “scratched” onto the rock.
The incredible rock formation and the precisely aligned stones circles clearly indicate a man-made structure. The areas around Michigan are witness of early human presence in the American continent which is believed to date back over 25.000 years. In the distant past, the Lake itself did not exist since an Ice Age ruled over the lands and what is now located at the bottom of one of the five Great Lakes of north America, was once on dry land.
The man responsible for this underwater discovery is Mark Holley, professor of underwater archeology at the Northwestern Michigan College. In 2007, he searched for shipwrecks but found, 12 meters below the surface a series of stones arranged in a circle. Adding to this amazing discovery is a relatively large rock which has, on its surface a depiction of a mastodon, an animal that became extinct around 8000 BC.
In the region near Lake Michigan, researchers have previously discovered menhirs and petroglyphs. When the first Europeans arrived in the seventeenth century they found that Michigan had thousands of prehistoric mounds. Scholars also found “sacred stones” across the geography of the Great Lakes, stones according to the natives were placed by another race who lived there before. Statues and stone idols erected in various parts were discovered weighing over 100 kilograms.
The underwater Stonehenge of Lake Michigan must have been created before the last Ice Age, when the lake bed was dry and that is, according to researchers, over 12.000 years ago, a time that according to history, mankind couldn’t erect such elaborate constructions.
What does this tell us about history? Is this another piece of evidence that points to the fact that history books, as we know them should be re written? We believe yes.
Original article by:
The latest film documentary in the search for Noah’s Ark. Finding Noah coming to theaters one night only on Oct. 8th, 2015
Go here to find where the film is playing near you & watch the film trailers!
I just wanted to update you all on the status of Finding Noah. As we previously announced, Finding Noah will have a nationwide theatrical event release through Fathom Events at 650+ theater locations on the night of Thursday October 8th. Please save the date.
Tickets for this One Night Only Event are on sale starting Friday August 28th at: www.fathomevents.com/event/finding-noah
We are still awaiting another 236 additional theater locations from Cinemark to be added to the list. So please do not despair if you cannot find a theater near you at this moment. More screens will be added shortly.
It is now up to each of us to help push it toward success. Please share the date and the ticketing information contained herein with your families, friends, church groups and circles of influence. The more these theaters fill, the more theaters and potential encore dates Fathom will provide for us. Early ticket sales are the greatest indicator of robust interest in the film and will help Fathom make decisions to increase our theater count and add extra event dates.
For those of you interested in group sales, please contact me for further info. Thank you! Let’s make Oct. 8th a great success for Finding Noah!
Don’t forget to go to www.FindingNoah.com to view the film trailers.