Posts Tagged ‘artifacts’



Fuentes Magna: Rosetta Stone of the Americas?

The Fuenta Magna is a large stone vessel, resembling a libation bowl, that was found in 1958 near Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. It features beautifully engraved anthropomorphic characters, zoological motifs characteristic of the local culture, and, more surprisingly, two types of scripts a proto-Sumerian ancient alphabet and a local language of the ancient Pukara, forerunner of the Tiahuanaco civilization. Often referred to as “the Rosetta Stone of the Americas,” the stone vessel is one of the most controversial artifacts in South America as it raises questions about whether there may have been a connection between the Sumerians and the ancient inhabitants of the Andes, located thousands of miles away.


The Fuente Magna Bowl was found near the world-renowned Titicaca Lake in Bolivia. ( Wikimedia Commons )

The ancient relic was discovered accidentally by a farmer working on a private estate owned by the Manjon family. The owners subsequently delivered it to the city hall of La Paz in 1960 in return for land near the capital. Around the same time, Bolivian archaeologist Max Portugal Zamora learned of its existence and attempted, unsuccessfully, to decipher the unusual inscriptions, not least because he failed to recognize that the writing upon the bowl was a type of cuneiform text dating back some 5,000 years.

The Fuente Magna bowl remained in storage in the Museo de los Metales Preciosos (“Museum of Precious Metals”) for approximately 40 years, until two Bolivian researchers, Argentine Bernardo Biados and archaeologist Freddy Arce, sought to investigate the origins of the mysterious relic. They were eventually put in contact with Maximiliano, a 92-year-old local who, after seeing a picture of the bowl, claimed it was once in his possession. Not realizing its significance, Maximiliano admitted that he had used the bowl to feed his pigs.


The Fuente Magna Bowl was found to have two types of scripts engraved on the inside. (Courtesy of Bernardo Biados’s research team)

The two researchers took detailed photographs of the bowl and sent them to epigraphist Dr. Clyde Ahmed Winters, in the hope that he may be able to decipher the inscriptions. Dr. Winters, an ancient languages expert, compared the inscriptions to Libyco-Berber writing used in the Sahara approximately 5,000 years ago. The writing was used by the Proto-Dravidians (of the Indus Valley), Proto-Mande , Proto-Elamites, and Proto-Sumerians. Dr. Winters, in his article “ Decipherment of the Cuneiform Writing on the Fuente Magna Bowl ,” concluded that the writing on the bowl “was probably Proto-Sumerian,” and offered the following translation:

This translations suggests that the Fuente Magna bowl may have been used to make libations to the Goddess Nia to request fertility. The figure on the Fuente Magna, which appears to be in a “Goddess pose,” with open arms and legs spread, is believed to support Dr Winters’ translation.


figure-on-the-Fuente-Magna-bowlA figure on the Fuente Magna bowl. (Courtesy of Bernardo Biados’s research team)

If Dr. Winters’ translation is correct, this has major implications for our understanding of both Sumerian civilization and the ancient culture of Bolivia. Researcher  Yuri Leveratto  aptly poses the question: “How is it possible that proto-Sumerian inscriptions were found in a bowl that has been found near the Titicaca Lake, 3,800 meters [2.3 miles] above sea level, thousands of kilometers far away from the area where the Sumerian people used to live?”

According to  Bernardo Biados , the Fuente Magna was most likely crafted by Sumerian people who settled in Bolivia sometime after 2,500 B.C. According to Biados, the Sumerians were known to sail to the distant Indian subcontinent and some Sumerian ships may have made their way around South Africa and entered one of the currents in the area that lead across the Atlantic from Africa to South America.  It is possible that some chose to stay and explore into the Andes, perhaps searching for areas high on the plateau of Bolivia where food was being produced. Yuri Leveratto says, “the Sumerian culture influenced the people of the plateau, not only from a religious point of view, but also in the language. In fact, some linguists have found many similarities between the proto-Sumerian and Aymara languages.”

However, this perspective, and indeed the initial translation work of Dr. Winters has not been without its critics. Jason Colavito, a known skeptic and “debunker,” suggests that there is only a small degree of correlation between the script on the bowl and Proto-Sumerian characters. Colavito points out that the bowl has a highly problematic provenance, and may simply be a hoax. Biados says this is incorrect, citing the overwhelming support from major portions of the academic community.


It is clear that the Fuente Magna bowl remains a matter of contention between academics. It is hoped that further archaeological and linguistic research may help to unravel the story behind this mysterious artifact, as doing so may help to expand our understanding of the great civilizations of our past and their influence throughout the world.

Featured image: Fuenta Magna (Courtesy of Bernardo Biados’s research team) Background: Lake Titicaca in Boliva ( Wikimedia Commons ).

The article ‘ Fuente Magna, the Controversial Rosetta Stone of the Americas ’ was originally published on The Epoch Times and has been republished with permission. 

original post By April Holloway


The Testimony of Luigi Muscas on his property near Cagliari, Sardinia on 11/11/2012

By Paola Harris

Luigi told me about the tombs and artifacts of giants (15 foot tall beings) who lived in Sardinia thousands of years ago. He told me that his father and his uncles, who also own land near his land, have dug up many bones and human artifacts. He also mentioned that traditional archeology does not accept this discovery and that his entire family has been threatened. He has been told over and over to keep this secret and NOT talk to the general public. His has written two books on the GIANTS, one called The Giants, Children of the Stars and The Giants and the Culture from the Stars, which has many photographs. He says

“The people who come to my house to heard about the star people, they want a certainty, the proof that this is not a fantasy but the truth. This Reality is hidden, buried until it was discovered and been sold, occulted, destroyed without respect for our Sardinian history. I am hoping we can keep this story safe until we can deal with it with extreme care because it also is the story of all humanity.”

To talk about the Giants stimulates much curiosity but also much skepticism. It is true that is difficult to even imagine another reality different from the one we know. But as of 1997, our Italian media has slowly started to speak about it in their broadcasts. In Sardinia, we began to see this reality in our broadcasts 2003. It is a fact that in all the world enormous bones have been discovered. In Mexico, Athens, Africa and other countries we see the photos.

Some of us in Sardinia believe that our constructions called Nuraghi are the very tombs of these “giants”. But this has not yet been recognized as official.

Paola Harris holds fossilized Giant's tooth
Paola Harris holds fossilized Giant’s tooth.
Giant tooth
Luigi Muscas holds giant tooth.
Giant jawbone
Luigi Muscas holds giant jawbone
Tomb of Giants
Giant skull
Skeleton of Giant
Skeleton of Giant
Tombs of Giants
Books by Luigi Muscas
Luigi Muscas shows Paola Harris giant tooth.
Luigi Muscas shows Paola Harris giant tooth.
Giant bones found in a secret location
Want to read more on Giants? Go here!

 X Files: Part 1

In classifying the past, historians interpret the objects they find in line with the dogmatic evolutionary theory. The period during which bronze artifacts were manufactured they call the Bronze Age, and suggest that iron began being used much more recently—based on their claim that in the most ancient civilizations, metals were unknown.

Iron, steel and many other metals quickly oxidize and decay, much faster than stone does. Some metals such as bronze, which oxidize with much greater difficulty, may survive for longer than others. It is therefore perfectly natural that excavated objects made of bronze should be older and those of iron of a much more recent date. In addition, it’s not logical to maintain that any society able to produce bronze was unaware of iron, that a society with the technical knowledge to produce bronze did not use any other metals.

Bronze is obtained by adding tin, arsenic and antimony, with a small quantity of zinc, to copper. Anyone who creates bronze must have a working knowledge of such chemical elements as copper, tin, arsenic, zinc and antimony, know at what temperatures these are to be melted, and possess a kiln in which to melt and combine them. Without all this knowledge, it will be very difficult to produce a successful alloy.

To begin with, copper ore is found in old, hard rocks in powder or crystalline form (which is also referred to as “native copper”). A society that uses copper must first possess a level of knowledge to identify it in powder form in these rocks. It must then construct a mine to extract the copper, remove it, and carry it to the surface. It is clear that these things cannot be done using stone and wooden tools.                                 

Copper ore must be introduced to red-hot flame in order for it to liquefy. The temperature needed to melt and refine copper is 1,984°F. There also needs to be a device or bellows to ensure a steady flow of air to the fire. Any society working with copper must construct a kiln able to produce such high heat and also make such equipment as crucibles and tongs for use with the furnace.

This is a brief summary of the technical infrastructure needed to work copper—which by itself, is too soft a metal to hold a sharp edge for long. Producing harder bronze by adding tin, zinc and other elements to copper is even more sophisticated, because every metal requires different processes. All these facts show that communities engaged in mining, producing alloys and metal-working must have possessed detailed knowledge. It is neither logical nor consistent to claim that people with such comprehensive knowledge would never have discovered iron.

On the contrary, archaeological discoveries show that the evolutionist claim that metal was unknown and not used in very ancient societies is untrue. Proof includes such findings as the remains of a ancient metallic spheres, an iron pot in supposed 300 million years old coal, fragments of textiles on clay dated to 27,000 years ago, and traces of metals such as magnesium and platinum, successfully melted in Europe only a few hundred years ago, in remains dating back a thousand years.

The London Artifact

London Artifact was found near London, Texas in Kimble County.  The metal hammerhead is approximately six inches long with a nominal diameter of one inch.  This seems somewhat small for a gross pounding instrument, suggesting that this tool was meant for fine work or soft metal.

The site is part of a large geographical zone called the Edwards Plateau.  It primarily consists of Cretaceous rock.  In June of 1934, Max Hahn discovered a rock, sitting loose on a rock ledge beside a waterfall outside London, Texas.  Noticing that this weathered rock had wood protruding from it, he and family members cracked it open with a hammer and chisel, exposing the hammerhead to the light of day for the first time since the stone formed around it.  To verify that the hammer was made of metal, they cut into one of the beveled sides with a file.  In the resulting nick, bright, shiny iron was exposed.  The bright metal in the nick is still there, with no detectable corrosion.

The density of the iron shows the interior metal to be very pure, with no bubbles.  Modern industry cannot consistently produce iron castings with this quality, as evidenced by test results that show bubbles and density variations that have caused pump and valve bodies to break.  The handle eye is oval shaped, and roughly 1″x1/2″. The density is about 10% greater near the surface.  The white areas are most dense, and the dark areas are least dense. As previously stated, a file cut was made in one of the side edges in 1934, and has remained corrosion-free in the sixty-plus years since the artifact was discovered. In fact, the quality of the iron equals or exceeds the quality of any iron found in the modern world. The composition (chlorine fabricated with metallic iron) remains a puzzling enigma.

The wooden handle appears to have been broken off, then worn smooth where it protruded from the rock concretion. The dark area in the wood is where it has been coalified.

Iron Cup in Coal

Frank Kennard was working in the Municiple Electric Plant in Thomas Oklahomo. He found a chunk of coal to large to use and broke it with a sledge hammer. The pot fell out of the coal leaving an impression of the pot in the coal. Jim Stull, a co-worker, witnessed the event. He traced the coal back to the Wilburton mine of Oklahoma. On November 27, 1948 Frank wrote signed affidavit affirming to the facts of the discovery.

The Coal deposits of the Oklahoma mine are dated at suppposedly 312 million years old. The only way that this pot could have been found in the coal is if it was deposited there before the coal formed. Other human artifacts have been found in the same and other coal mines of Oklahoma. Some of these were miles below the surface. Other coal deposits have also produced man made artifacts around the world.

Brass Bell in Coal

In 1944, as a ten year old boy, Newton Anderson dropped a lump of coal in his basement and found that it contained this bell inside. The bituminous coal that was mined near his house in Upshur County West Virginia is supposed to be about 300 million years old! What is a brass bell with an iron clapper doing in coal ascribed to the Carboniferous Period? According to Norm Sharbaugh’s book Ammunition (which includes several “coal anecdotes”) the bell is an antediluvian artifact.

The Institute for Creation Research had the bell submitted to the lab at the University of Oklahoma. According to the Institute, the bell was delivered for analysis by the nuclear activation method.The nuclear activation analysis revealed that the bell contains a strange mix of metals, different from any known modern alloy, with an unusual mixture including copper, zinc, tin, arsenic, iodine, and selenium. While it is brass, it is not the brass alloy that has been used by our civilization since at least the rise of the Sumerian culture some six thousand years ago.
Genesis 4:22 states that Tubal-Cain was “an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron…” Perhaps when his civilization came to an end in the flood, this bell was buried with a mass of vegetation that became coal and ended up thousands of years later in Newt Anderson’s coal bin. The bell was prominently featured in the 1992 CBS docudrama production called Ancient Secrets of the Bible and is now part of the Genesis Park collection. Later on, Newton Anderson spent a great deal of time researching the demon atop the bell. He discovered similarities to the Babylonian Southwest Wind Demon and the Hindu deity Garuda. Garuda is sometimes depicted on top of bells, as is the Egyptian Isis. Demonic worship seems to take on similar forms in various cultures (like the Venus figurines from disparate lost cultures and the ancient fascination with pyramids), which doesn’t necessitate that they were culturally related. At our request, Mr. Anderson was examined by an expert polygraph specialist to further validate his claims.

Man vs. Archaeology has examined & studied these artifacts first hand; the London Artifact, the iron cup in coal, and the brass bell in coal. These scattered remains totally demolish the Rough Stone Age, Polished Stone Age, Bronze and Iron Age classifications. But a large part of these findings, after appearing in many scientific publications, have either been ignored by evolutionist scientists or else hidden away in museum basements. Unbelievable evolutionist tales have been presented as the history of mankind, instead of the true historical facts.

It is generally recognized that the rocks have left us a record of human activity in the past. But in 1976, the finding of the Laetoli footprints in Africa literally put evolution back on the map. Mary Leaky discovered 70 human footprints in stone, some 3.7 million years old in tuff, in Tanzania known as the Laetoli tracks. But archaeologists have interpreted them the age to fit the social paradigm of human evolution.
They looked like they were made by modern human beings, but that created a problem. The depressions left by our ancestors were in a stratum dated at 3.7 million years. No modern human could have laid down that track since we were not around yet according to evolution.
Did humans evolve over millions of years through evolutionary change? Was life seeded from outer space by alien-like creatures with advanced technology? Or are we the product of special creation as outlined in Genesis?
Could these footprints in stone simply be as they appear – from a modern human? To the scientific community it’s unthinkable and unacceptable. Why? Because they would have to conclude that either modern man is much older than we have thought or that our dating techniques are faulty. Either way, there is a big problem for scientists. So, “interpretation” of evidence is an important tool that often comes to their rescue.

But this is not the last time that human fossil footprints have been found in ancient rock strata. Many track sites around the world point to a global phenomenon and continue to pose life’s four great questions (Who am I? Where did I come from? What is my purpose here? Where am I going)? Evolution embodies the frustrations of questionable identity, uncertain past, meaningless present, and a hopeless future.
It is apparent that as more discoveries are made, they will continue to contradict the accepted evolutionary model. In fact, more recent conclusions by scientists show that the fossil evidence is devastating to the evolutionary model and negates the entire concept of uniformity and the evolution of man.

I have spent the last 15 years excavating and researching this phenomenon which began on the Paluxy River near Glen Rose, Texas. I have interviewed on several occasions over the years the old-timers such as the late Emmitt McFall, who was born and raised in Glen Rose. He showed me personally where these giant human fossil footprints have been discovered and where others had been cut out in the 1930’s by the early researchers. I have also interviewed, the late Grover Gibbs who has co-authored the book, “Valley of the Giants”. He has also explored the region of the Paluxy River ever since he was a kid. Growing up he worked at the Coca-Cola bottling plant in Glen Rose. Occasionally, the young Grover gave tours to people who wanted to see the dinosaur tracks and human tracks.
In the late 60’s C.N. Doughtery (co-author of Valley of the Giants) moved to the Glen Rose area and began to research the tracks. In their book he explains that when asking the locals how big the human tracks were they would slowly spread their hands apart till about the 18-24 inch mark.

Could man once have been 12-18 feet tall?

Doughtery walked the river month after month waiting for the right conditions to spot these alleged goliath sized impressions. Two years later his efforts paid off and spotted not one but two giant men tracks. The prints measured 21 and one half inches long and 8 inches across the toes with a seven foot stride from heal to heal. A man with 22 inch feet and a 7-foot step would be approximately 12 foot tall!

But were these human tracks? Both Gibbs and Doughtery were convinced till their deaths.
If a footprint in stone does not appear to be made by a modern type human then it is not a problem for evolution. A footprint from an apelike creature in stone poses no problem. If the footprints around the world seem modern then they support Genesis. Were these footprints in ash and stone caught as the world heaved during the Flood? Is the fact that they are next to dinosaurs indicate we lived at the same time as the giant plants, insects and animals of the ancient world? The first several chapters of Genesis talk of man being giants. Goliath and the King of Bashan give us glimpses of these giants by placing them at approx. 10-12 feet tall.

Nevertheless, human fossil footprints present a huge problem and threat to the scientific community. Here’s why:

1.) If the tracks are millions of years old, why haven’t they eroded away millions of years ago? Running water over a print for 65 million years should have erased these prints so long ago. Since they were not eroded away, could it mean that they were placed down recently – perhaps only a few thousand years ago?
2.) Dinosaur tracks are found in the same limestone strata as the human fossil footprints. This indicates that dinosaurs and men lived at the same time and not 60 million years apart as evolution teaches!
3.) A human with a seven foot stride and 21 inch feet means that at least one 12 foot giant man lived at some point in prehistory.

What if the footprints are from a modern human?

The implications of the Paluxy river footprints are significant. Dinosaurs and giant human tracks in the same strata imply that:

A.) Evolution has to rewrite its theories and timelines so that humans and dinosaurs lived contemporaneously.
B.) Aliens seem less likely as an explanation for our existence.
C.) Greater confidence can be put in the book of Genesis, which states that God created all living things in 6 days.

Modern human footprints in stone agree with Genesis.

But this is only a brief introduction to this intriguing subject of human footprints in stone. If you would like to continue this study there is a good resource book on this entitled, “Evolution and Human Fossil Footprints”. You can get your copy today available at

Did Humans And Dinosaurs Co-exist? Are there giant human footprints in stone? Could it be possible that in some remote locations of the world, a number of dinosaurs escaped the mysterious, mass extinction?

Did you know that there is archaeological evidence confirming the biblical record? Or have you ever heard that the people described as “primitive cavemen” possessed an artistic ability and understanding just as refined as those of modern artists? Did you know that the Neanderthals, whom evolutionists portrayed as “ape-men,” made musical instruments, took pleasure from clothing and accessories, and walked over painfully hot sands with molded sandals?

The first modern human civilization is said to have emerged in ancient Sumer (the cradle of civilization) 8000 years ago. And yet… there are artifacts which suggest that humans and dinosaurs did co-exist. Evolution cannot account for the astonishing artifacts from human history.

In all probability you may never have heard any of these facts. On the contrary, you may have been handed the mistaken impression that these people were half-ape and half-human, unable to stand fully upright, lacking the ability to speak words and producing only strange grunting noises. That is because this entire falsehood has been imposed on society for the last 150 years.

Man vs. Archaeology will show you these ancient artifacts that defies the accepted mainstream theory of human origins.